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Safety First

Safety First
November 29
00:10 2014

There are many people who consider fuel consumption, comfort and price to be the important factors to consider when purchasing a vehicle.

But what is your main priority when using a vehicle? If your main priority is to arrive at your final destination safely, then considering safety features as a top priority when purchasing a vehicle makes sense.

This week we shall discuss the importance of observing all vehicle safety features that is essential and vital during an event of road incident or accident. We will extract parts of the LTA regulations that stipulate and governed the use of safety equipment’s that must be observed at all times.

Seat belts 27.—(1) a person who is 8 years or over seated in a motor vehicle that is in motion must—

(a) Wear the seat belt provided; and (b) the seat belt must be properly adjusted and securely fastened.

(2) A person 8 years or and over must not be seated as a passenger in a motor vehicle that is in motion in seat which is not fitted with a seat belt unless—(a) each seat for which a seat belt is provided is occupied by another person; or (b) the person is seated in a position behind the front seat of the vehicle and there is no available rear seating position fitted with a seat belt.

(3) Sub-regulations (1) and (2) do not apply to—(a) a person driving a motor vehicle backwards; or (b) a person carrying a certificate issued by the Authority certifying that sub-regulation (1) does not apply to the person because—

(i) The person is exempted by the Authority for reasons and conditions stated in the certificate; or

(ii) The Authority is satisfied, on a certificate of a registered medical practitioner, that because of medical unfitness or physical disability it is impracticable, undesirable, or inexpedient that that person wears a seat belt.

(4) It is a defence for the driver of a taxi to establish that he or she had reasonable cause to believe that he or she was at risk of physical injury from a passenger and that complying with this regulation may have contributed to the risk.

(5) The driver of a vehicle must ensure that—(a) he or she and any passenger under 16 years are wearing seat belts or child restraining devices in accordance with these Regulations; and (b) any passenger who is 16 years or over is wearing a seat belt in accordance with these Regulations.

Restraining children devices for [28].—(1) No person may drive or cause or permit to be driven amotor vehicle equipped with a rear seat while a child under the age of 8 years is in a front seat position unless the child is properly restrained by a child restraining device.

(2) A child restraining device must— a] be of a type appropriate to the age, weight and size of the child; (b) be approved by the Authority; and (c) be properly secured in the vehicle in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.

(3) No person may drive or cause to be driven a motor vehicle equipped with an available child restraining device in a rear seat unless any child under the age of 8 years is properly restrained by the device.

Non-approved seat belts and devices [29]—(1) No person may—(a) sell or offer for sale a seat belt or child restraining device which is not of a type approved by the Authority; or (b) fit or allow to be fitted a seat belt or child restraining device which is not of a type approved by the Authority.

(2) A person who fits or allows to be fitted or offers for sale a seat belt or child restraining device must establish or be satisfied that the seat belt or the device is of a type approved by the Authority.

(3) A police officer or an authorised officer may issue a defect order under regulation 106 of the Land Transport (Vehicles Registration and Construction) Regulations 2000 for any seat belt or child restraining device which does not comply with this regulation, or regulation 28 of these Regulations or regulation 45 of the Land Transport (Vehicles Registration and Construction) Regulations 2000.

Motor cyclists helmets 30. No person may ride on a motor cycle unless the person is wearing a safety helmet of a type approved by the Authority and the helmet is of the correct size and is securely fastened.

Non-approved helmets [31] A person who uses, sells or offers for sale a motor cyclists helmet other than a helmet of a type approved by the Authority commits an offence.

Lamps and Signals Lamps to be lighted [32]. When ambient light conditions, either due to time of day or atmospheric conditions, are such that the visibility of or the visibility from a motor vehicle or trailer would be enhanced by the use of lamps, a person must not drive or use on, or permit to be driven or used on, a public street, a motor vehicle or trailer unless all headlamps, tail lamps, front marker lamp and clearance lamps required by these Regulations or the Land Transport (Vehicles Registration and Construction) Regulations 2000 to be fitted, are lighted.

Parked vehicles to display lights [33]—(1) When ambient light conditions, either due to time of day or atmospheric conditions, are such that the visibility of a motor vehicle or trailer would be enhanced by the use of lamps, a person must not cause or permit to stand in a public street a motor vehicle or trailer unless all tail lamps, front marker lamps and clearance larfips required by these Regulations or the.

Land Transport (Vehicle) Regulations to be fitted, are lighted. (2) Sub-regulation (1) does not apply to a vehicle that—(a) is not on the carriageway; or (b) is under or near a lighted street lamp that illuminates the street so as to render the vehicle clearly visible and to remove any risks of accident by collision or otherwise due to the motor vehicle or trailer not being clearly visible.

Use of spotlights and fog lamps[34].—(1) No person may cause or permit a spotlight or searchlight affixed to, or carried in or on, a motor vehicle, trailer or semi-trailer on a public street to be lighted, unless—(a) the vehicle is stationary and the spotlight or searchlight is lighted and used only for the purpose of examining the machinery, or making adjustments or repairs to a vehicle and the light is not projected more than 6m; (b) the spotlight or searchlight is lighted temporarily for the purpose of reading a notice-board or house-number or for a similar purpose; (c) the vehicle is being driven or used by a police officer in the execution of his or her duty; or (d) the vehicle is being used by or on behalf of the State or an instrumentality of the State or a local authority in connection with its functions.

(2) For the purposes of sub-regulation (1), a spotlight or searchlight is deemed to be carried in or on a vehicle, if it is attached to a battery or generator or other source of power that is carried in or on that vehicle.

(3) A person may affix a foglamp to a motor vehicle for the purpose of driving in a fog or mist.

Use of emergency lamps [35]—(1) Subject to sub-regulation (2), (3) or (4), no person may drive or use on, or cause or permit to be driven or used on, or cause or permit to stand in, a public street a motor vehicle or trailer showing—(a) a red, blue, or amber light in the direction in which the vehicle or trailer is facing or proceeding; (b) a flashing or rotating red, amber or blue light.

(2) A vehicle—(a) owned and operated by an organisation providing fire services when proceeding to a fire or alarm of fire; or (b) being used as an ambulance on ambulance work, may show a flashing or rotating red light when it is being driver! or’is standing, in a public street.

(3) Any of the following vehicles used by police officers may show a fixed, flashing, or rotating blue light or combination blue and red light—(a) a vehicle when proceeding to, or while at the scene of, an accident; (b) suppressing, or preventing offences against the law; or (c) a vehicle being used for escort duties involving conditions hazardous to other road users.

(4) A vehicle fitted with an amber flashing or rotating light pursuant to regulation 68 of the Land Transport (Vehicles Registration and Construction) Regulations 2000—(a) that is stationary and is in a hazardous position; or (b) that is proceeding or manoeuvring in the immediate vicinity of the place at which the vehicle has been required to attend to remove a disabled vehicle or to carry out a prescribed purpose, may show a flashing or rotating amber light in addition to (but not in lieu of) the lights prescribed to be fitted to it by these Regulations.

(5) A vehicle approved by the Authority to use flashing or rotating amber lights must be operated according to the conditions determined by the Authority.

Dipping headlamps [36].—(1) A person who is driving or in charge of a motor vehicle must, when another vehicle is approaching and is visible in front within a distance of 200m between sunset and sunrise—

(a) Ensure that the high beams are switched OFF and that the low beams are switched ON;

(b) Maintain the headlamps in that condition until the other vehicle has passed.

(2) A person who is driving or in charge of a motor vehicle must, when travelling in the same direction as another vehicle visible in front within a distance of 200m—(a) ensure that the high beams are switched OFF and that the low beams are switched ON;

(b) Maintain the headlamps in that condition until the other vehicle has passed or the distance is greater than 200m.

Signals to be given [37].—(1) The driver of a vehicle must not leave the traffic lane in which he or she is travelling or turn at an intersection or into a private road, entrance or driveway or otherwise change direction or decelerate sharply or come to a stop without giving a signal specified in this regulation.

(2) The driver of a vehicle who is about to leave the traffic lane in which he or she is driving, to turn at an intersection or into a private road, entrance or driveway or otherwise change direction or decelerate sharply or come to a stop must signal his or her intention of so doing at such time as to give reasonable warning to drivers following or to approaching traffic.

(3) A signal required by this regulation must be given by means of the turn signal lamps or stop lamps fitted in accordance with these Regulations and the Land Transport (Vehicles Registration and Construction) Regulation 2000.

(4) If a vehicle is standing close to the side of the road in a public street, the driver of the vehicle must—(a) before moving the vehicle, signal his intention to do so by giving the signal for turning to the right or left, as the case may be, as prescribed by this regulation; and (b) at all times before and while moving the vehicle, take all reasonable and proper precautions to avoid a collision.

(5) The driver of a vehicle who uses signal lamp equipment for the purposes of this regulation must not permit the equipment to remain in operation after the completion of a manoeuvre in respect of which the equipment was put into operation.

Use of lamps to warn drivers [38]. No person may flash or use any lamps fitted to the vehicle for the purpose of warning approaching drivers of the presence of police or authorised officers engaged in traffic regulation enforcement.

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