Financial Literacy For Retirement

Saving for retirement should be the most important thing you ever do with your money. And the earlier you begin, the less money it will take! Individuals increasingly must manage
22 Dec 2018 10:00
Financial Literacy  For Retirement
Shoran Devi

Saving for retirement should be the most important thing you ever do with your money. And the earlier you begin, the less money it will take! Individuals increasingly must manage their own retirement security.

The long-term shift from defined benefit to defined contribution retirement plans means that today’s workers must determine both how much they need to save for retirement and how to invest their pension assets.

And during the retirement period, older people must make difficult decisions on how to allocate their portfolios and how quickly to draw down their life savings.

Yet, as the financial market meltdown has so clearly demonstrated, financial products have become very complex, confronting consumers with new and ever-more-sophisticated financial decisions.

The question that now arises is whether individuals are well equipped to make financial decisions.

In other words, do they possess enough financial literacy to function effectively in today’s complex marketplace?


Financial Literacy

Financial literacy cannot be taken for granted around the globe.

In fact, financial illiteracy in the population is widespread, particularly among vulnerable demographic groups such as the least educated and minorities.

This is serious cause for concern given that financial literacy is an important predictor of retirement planning and other important financial decisions.

Implications for policymakers as they consider financial education programs include the importance of targeting specific groups, simplifying financial decision-making, and providing specific steps and guidance to the least financially knowledgeable.

Financial education should be provided before people engage in financial contracts.

For example, financial education in school can provide a base level of financial literacy to help navigate an increasingly complex financial environment.

This has serious implications for saving, retirement planning, retirement well-being, mortgage holdings, and more, and it identifies a role for policymakers working to boost financial literacy and education.


Prepaing for retirement

When it comes to preparing for retirement, there are a lot of things you can’t control—the future of tax rates and inflation, for example.

But one big thing that you can control is the amount you save.

Tax rates will almost certainly change between now and your retirement date, and inflation will continue to increase prices over time. Other government programs, like Medicare, might also change.

But there’s one thing that only you can completely control: how much you save.

Start now and you might be surprised at how little you notice the sacrifice.

Consistent, dedicated saving might not be glamorous, but it will give you far more freedom and control over your lifestyle down the road.

Pensions often offered an additional source of income for retirees.

But pension plans are becoming rare in today’s world, and it’s more important than ever to take advantage of the opportunity to save for your future.

Perhaps you’d rather spend your money on other things that are more fun than saving for retirement.

But because compounding can enhance the value of your savings, the “pain” of each dollar you save now can be greatly outweighed by the flexibility you gain later.

Of course, it is not suggested that you are better off squeezing the last drop of enjoyment from your life.

But knowing you’ll be all set to meet your basic needs later—with enough left over to let you comfortably do the things you look forward to in retirement—is worth going without a few treats now and then.

It is important to provide guidance in making financial decisions and provide specific steps that people can act upon, particularly for the least financially literate.

Because individuals make many financial decisions and these decisions are interrelated, it is important to equip people with some basic tools.

Given widespread illiteracy, people are prone to make mistakes and

these mistakes can be costly.

The public, both young and old need to be well-equipped in order to make these financial decisions. Specifically we focus on financial literacy, by which we mean peoples’ ability to process economic information and make informed decisions about financial planning, wealth accumulation, pensions, and debt.

Financial knowledge can be a type of investment in human capital where those who build financial awareness can earn above average expected returns on their investments, yet there will still be some optimal level of financial ignorance.

Prior to retirement, an individual earns labor income from which he/she can consume or invest, so as to raise his/her return on savings by investing in the sophisticated technology.

After retirement, he/she receives retirement benefits/packages which are a percentage of preretirement income.

Additional sources of uncertainty include stock returns, medical costs, etc.

Each period, therefore, the consumer’s decision variables are how much to invest in the capital market, consume, and whether to invest in financial knowledge.


Organisations available in Fiji

Here in Fiji, we are fortunate enough to have well established organisations that cater for retirement benefits.

Organisations such as Insurance companies, financial institutions and of course our very own Fiji National Provident Fund (FNPF) to name a few.

Financial Institutions are currently visiting schools, village communities, organisations and even to the interior of the main lands just to educate the public on how to save whatever little money they earn.

Certain bank products have been created with less service fees and charges and more interest, just so it

can influence the public to save more than spending unnecessarily.

Choosing to spend less on certain expenses now could make a huge impact in the long run.

For example, you can be spending $2500 a year on installments for a new car during the next 5 years……or you could watch that same amount grow to $80,000 over the next 35 years… As quoted by Andre Leon Talley, “……Money isn’t everything, but it is when you start thinking about putting money away for your retirement days….”


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