Letters | Opinion

‘Letters To The Editor’: Recognise and restore

As I read the Permanent Secretary of Education’s report on the challenges faced by Fiji’s education because of the departure of a great number of Teachers from the Ministry’s employment
22 Sep 2023 09:27
‘Letters To The Editor’: Recognise and restore
Permanent Secretary of Education’s Selina Kuruleca. Photo: Ronald Kumar

As I read the Permanent Secretary of Education’s report on the challenges faced by Fiji’s education because of the departure of a great number of Teachers from the Ministry’s employment over these years, I can only say that the crisis can easily be addressed by Government alone in two major ways.

(a) Recognise and restore the status of teachers according to what our government and fellow governments of the world had agreed to and mandated to apply, as members of U.N. It is the ILO/UNESCO Recommendations on the Status of Teachers.

This was signed in 1966 for all teachers and in 1997, for Teachers in Higher Education.

The provisions of these two universal instruments are supposed to not only set a universal standard for the recognition of the status of teachers; but also, to achieve quality standards that teachers of all countries of the world and at every level, are to maintain. Principles concerning the rights and responsibilities of educators, ranging from the pre-school are set out in these instruments.

I had raised this before in the media when the past government was confusing issues about teachers’ required qualifications and unilaterally imposing working conditions outside the usual Collective Agreement bargaining process, which the ministry was duty-bound to recognise and apply.

I had also mentioned that our very own Fiji citizen and academic, Professor Konai Thaman, of USP, had sat on the committee, CEART, that monitored the application of the ILO/UNESCO Recommendation on the Status of Teachers worldwide.

I kindly request the Ministry of Education to use this recommendation to guide the work on the Preparation of Quality Teachers for Quality Education.


(b) Honour our teachers’ workers’ rights by fully restoring teachers working conditions embodied in the Collective Agreements which had been negotiated through collective bargaining over the years.

These working conditions were negotiated on behalf of teachers by their unions, FTU and FTA and are documented as General Orders by PSC, as well as the FNU Collective Agreement.

The Ministry of Education must note that they do not have the mandate to unilaterally impose teachers’ working conditions.

As a member of ILO, Fiji had ratified ILO Conventions 87 and 99, and under the provisions of these, all conditions of work have been agreed to be negotiated by the employer and employees through employees’ representatives.

When the employer (Ministry of Education) wishes to change any condition or introduce a new one; and if the teachers also desire a new need to be met, they each table their proposals in a new “Log of Claims” and set dates for collective bargaining.

Once consensus is achieved in these negotiations, an agreement on the new condition(s) is signed.

Unfortunately, the last government had unilaterally removed many of these negotiated conditions and imposed new ones.

Most damaging had been the introduction of contracts and the massive work burden of writing up reports by teachers.


Most critical was the removal of negotiated MQR for teachers’ posts and its replacement by the Open Merit System.

We believe that as long as the elements of this OMS are still being used, and the old MQR which put work and leadership experience first rather than academic qualifications, many experienced, good educational leaders in the schools, will continue to leave.

I thank this government for removing contracts, restoring rights of faith-based schools’ management to choose their heads and for inviting the two teachers’ unions to sit at the table again when post-processing is done.

May I recommend that the ministry focuses on correcting the process of collective bargaining for teachers’ conditions and applying this all the time.

You see, teachers are the deliverers of education. Hence, they must always be involved in an organised way, to identify their needs; students’ needs, curriculum needs and needs or gaps in the ministry’s services or management.

These have an impact on the teachers’ working conditions and hence can be best addressed through negotiations of working conditions, which includes fair pay as recognition of teachers’ status and worth.


Feedback: letters@fijisun.com.fj 

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